What is a cookie?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any website. Using cookies, the web is able to remember your visit when you return to the page. Although many people do not know, cookies have been in use for 20 years, when the first browsers for the World Wide Web appeared.
What is NOT a cookie?
It is not a virus or a Trojan, not a worm, or spam or spyware, or open pop-up windows.
What information stores a cookie?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you such as credit card or bank account information, photographs, your ID or personal information, etc. The data stored are technical, personal preferences, content personalization, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person, butit does with your web browser. In fact, if you regularly browse with Internet Explorer and try to browse the same web with Firefox or Chrome you will see that the web does not realize that you are the same person because you are actually associating the browser, not the person.
What kind of cookies are there?
- Technical cookies: They are the most basic and allow, among other things, to know when a human is browsing or whenit is an automated application, when an anonymous user navigates and when one registered, basic tasks for running any dynamic web.
- Analytic cookies: They collect information on the type of navigation being done, the sections most used, consulted products, time period of use, language, etc.
- Advertising cookies: They display advertising based on your navigation, your country of origin, language, etc.
What are own cookies and third-party cookies?
Own cookies are those generated by the current page you are visiting and third-party cookies are those generated by internal or external providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I disable cookies?
To understand the scope that disabling cookies may have we show you some examples:
- You will not be able to share content of this site in Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The web site will not be able to adapt content to your personal preferences, as often happens in online stores.
- You will not be able to access the personal area of the web, such as my own, or my profile or orders.
- Online Stores: You will not be able to make purchases online, they will have to be by telephone or by visiting the physical store if you there is one.
- It will not be possible to customize your geographic preferences as time zone, currency or language.
- The web site will not perform web analytics about visitors and web traffic, making it difficult to be competitive anywhere.
- You will not be able to write on a blog, upload photos, post comments, evaluate or rate content. The web may not know whether you are a human or an automated application publishing spam.
- No segmented advertising may be shown, reducing advertising revenues anywhere.
Can I delete cookies?
Yes. Not only eliminate, also block, ingeneral or particularly, to a specific domain.
To remove cookies from a website you should go to your browser settings and there you can find the associated domain in question and proceed to its elimination.
Cookie settings for most popular browsers
Here is how to access a particular cookie of the Chrome browser. Note: These steps may vary depending on the browser version:
- Go to Settings or Preferences via the File menu or by clicking the icon customization that appears top right.
- You will see different sections, click the Show advanced settings option.
- Go to Privacy, Content settings.
- Select All cookies and site data.
- A list of all cookies ordered by domain appears. To make it easier to find the cookies of a specific domain partially or fully enter the address in the blankSearch cookies.
- After making this filter it will appear on the screen one or more lines with the requested web cookies. Now just select it and press the X to proceed with removal.
To access the cookies settings of Internet Explorer browser, follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options.
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slider to adjust the level of privacy you want.
To access thecookies settings of Firefox browser, follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Options or Preferences according to your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In History, choose Use custom settings for history.
- Now you will see the option Accept Cookies; you can activate or deactivate as desired.
To access the cookies settings of Safari for OSX browser, follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- Here you can see the optionBlock cookies to fit the type of lock you want to perform.
To access the cookies settings of Safari for iOS browser, follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, you will see the option Block cookies to fit the type of lock you want to perform.
To access the cookies settings ofbrowsers for Android devices, follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Run the browser and click onMenu, then Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy, you will see the option Accept cookies to select or deselect the box.
To access the cookies settings of browsers for Windows Phone devices, follow these steps (may vary depending on the browser version):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Settings.
- Now you can enable or disable the Allow cookies